Dominica (pronounced "Dom-in-eek-a") is an island of volcanic origins located between the French islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique in the Eastern Caribbean, at approximately 15 degrees North and 61 degrees West. It is the largest and most mountainous of the Windward Islands. It is the largest and most mountainous of the Windward Islands, with an area of 289.5 sq. miles. It is 29 miles long and 16 miles at its widest. The formal name Commonwealth of Dominica is often used to distinguish it from the Dominican Republic.
English is the official language but a French-based Creole (kwéyòl) is widely spoken, especially in outlying villages. This reflects a turbulent history in which the island changed hands several times between the French and British. Throughout and to the present day the original inhabitants, the Caribs, tried to coexist. In 1903 they were assigned a 3,700 acre Territory in the north-east where around 3,000 live today.